In this song, a Polish highlander laments having to leave his beloved mountains "for bread". Life in the mountains was hard, and it was often necessary for the górale to travel to the lowlands in search of the resources needed to maintain their unique way of life. The text was written in 1865 and the music was composed in 1812 by well-known teacher and composer, Michał Świerzyński (1868-1957)
* Krzysztof Krawczyk (born September 8, 1946 in Katowice) is a Polish pop singer having a baritone voice, a guitarist and composer. He was the vocalist of a popular Polish band, Trubadurzy (English translation: Troubadours), from 1963 to 1973 when he started his solo career. He was co-founder of the Post-secondary School of Stage Art in Łódź. His creative activity in the area of music is characterized by a combination of various music genres such as rock and roll, country music and rhythm & blues.
Polish Tatra Sheepdog
Polish Tatra Sheepdog
The Polish Tatra Sheepdog is a breed of dog introduced into the Tatra Mountains of Southern Poland by Vlachian (Romanian) shepherds, probably in the 14th century, and used to guard and herd sheep. It is therefore related to the Romanian Bucovina, Carpathian and Mioritic breeds.
The Tatras are large (45–60 kg/100–150 lb) white dogs with heavy dense fur. These dogs are very similar in appearance and temperament to the Pyrenean Mountain Dog and the Hungarian Kuvasz.
Tatras are a breed of dog that almost died out in Poland during the wars, due to starvation. They are primarily considered an LGD (Livestock Guard Dog). Their instinct, through hundreds of years of breeding, is to protect livestock, though they easily adopt a family as a flock. They are a good companion dog as well as a protection dog. They are not an attack dog, but rather move threats away through intimidation. They have a loud bark. They shed white fur, but are tight lipped and don't drool as much as some similar breeds. They are not all that similar in temperament to their Mountain dog cousins the Kuvasz, Great Pyrenees or Maremma Sheepdog. They are less aloof than the other breeds, tending to be better tied into their breeding and not as domesticated or inbred as some of their cousins.
In the USA the Tatra sheepdog is considered a rare breed. It is not recognized by the AKC.
Polish folk music was collected in the 19th century by Oskar Kolberg, as part of a wave of Polish national revival. With the coming of the world wars and then the Communist state, folk traditions were oppressed or subsumed into state-approved folk ensembles. The most famous of the state ensembles are Mazowsze and Śląsk, both of which still perform. Though these bands had a regional touch to their output, the overall sound was a homogenized mixture of Polish styles. There were more authentic state-supported groups, such as Słowianki, but the Communist sanitized image of folk music made the whole field seem unhip to young audiences, and many traditions dwindled rapidly.
Polish dance music, especially the mazurka and polonaise, were popularized by Frederick Chopin, and they soon spread across Europe and elsewhere. These are triple time dances, while five-beat forms are more common in the northeast and duple-time dances like the krakowiak come from the south. The polonaise comes from the French word for Polish to identify its origin among the Polish aristocracy, who had adapted the dance from a slower walking dance called chodzony. The polonaise then re-entered the scene and became an integral part of Polish music.
Poland's five national dances
(Mazur, Polonez, Kujawiak, Krakowiak, Oberek), as well as modern dance, contemporary dance and ballet are all widely performed today throughout the Polonia community.